Originally instituted on 10 March 1813 by the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm III and was re-introduced by Kaiser Wilhelm II (acting as the King of Prussia) in 1870. It was awarded for bravery in the field - without regard to rank or status - during the Franco-Prussian War. The 1870 Iron Cross reverse was designed in 1813 by Karl Friedrich Schinkel, a famous Prussian sculptor and architect. All recipients were entitled to at least one other medal - as a minimum, the 1870/71 Franco Prussian War Medal.
This replica 1870 Eiserne Kreuz II. Klasse or Iron Cross 2nd Class is approximately 42mm wide, 42mm high.
The obverse has the Imperial Prussian Crown at the 12:00 high position, a W central (for Kaiser Wilhelm II) and the date 1870 at the 6:00 low position. The reverse has the following design within the silver frame (from top to bottom): the King's crown with FW below followed with a 3 leaf spray of oak leaves and the date 1813 below that. The Cross was worn looped through a buttonhole on the jacket (typically the buttonhole closest to the heart) or worn on the left breast close to the heart.
This replica would be great for any military reenactor or military history collector.
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